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What is Instructional Design?
Instructional Design Models, Theories & Methodology
Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism & Connectivism
Bloom's Learning Taxonomy
Merrill's First Principles of Instruction
Criterion Referenced Instruction
Dick & Cary Systems Approach Model
Ross & Kemp Mode
l (Kemp's ID Model)
Robert Gagne Events of Instruction and ASSURE
ARCs Model of Motivational Design
- J Keller
Transactional Distance Theory
Kirkpatrick's 4 Levels of Evaluation / Hamblin's 5 Levels of Evaluation
Summary of ADDIE:
ADDIE stands for analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation the five stages or phases in the model.
Breakdown of the Components:
This is the time ask yourself (the designer) some questions
What will be solved as a result? (Objectives and content)
Who will be participating?
What is the learning environment (Room, Resources, Tools, Accommodations, etc)
What is the timeline.
What is the end product?
What needs to be done?
Make the skeleton of your class/unit
Contemplate dates, strategies for teaching, resources and assessments
Creation of the content and learning materials
The project is rolling!
Students have access to materials needed.
Made of two parts: formative and summative
Charts, Graphs, Videos that help explain the ADDIE Model:
How ADDIE can best be used:
This would be used best be used for training situations where things do not typically change in the process. This model allows for “perfection” of a system.
Who would use ADDIE?:
would work well for long term, open ended projects
would work well for a company training an employee
Teachers who want to develop a ‘unit of study”
Helps show weaknesses in concepts
Not really a model, but a framework
Provides feedback from the learner to
allow for revisions
Not flexible; Doesn't allow you to add in lessons
or ideas as they present themselves.
Effective for training type situations
You have to know ALL of the steps and items you want to cover before implementing the project or wait until the next
time it is implemented.
Encourages a "perfected" system
Could take a lot of time to create and implement
Similarities to other models:
Kemp's Instructional design method is similar in the way they both focus on planning and analyzing the content and learners. The creator is focusing on the learner and how they will learn. They also both encourage developing assessments for the assigned objectives. While they are not stated exactly the same, it seems that the Kemp model has a place for each of the five elements from ADDIE as well.
The Dick and Carey Systems is similar to the ADDIE model, but much more complex and detailed. The five elements from the ADDIE model are easily aligned to the Dick and Carey System. For example, it encourages the analysis of goals and learners behaviors. It also has a more detailed development plan but covers the same content from development in ADDIE.
actingmerihawaii (poster). ADDIE [video]. (2009, October 6). Retrieved from
ADDIE model clip. Retrieved July 13, 2011, from:
Instructional Design Improving Teaching and Learning. (n.d) Using the ADDIE model. Retrieved July 16, 2011 from
Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2011, July). ADDIE model at learning-Theories.com. Retrieved July 16th, 2011 from
marielangton (poster). Addie Instructional Design Process [video]. (2010, Novemeber 13). Retrieved from
Tzanis, J.T. (2002). Online course development process. Retrieved from
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